About the Department
The Department of history was renamed as the Department of History including Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology at Birla Campus following the inception of Garhwal University. The Department offers Undergraduate , Post –Graduate and PhD programme in all the three campuses of the University and Archaeology in the Birla Campus In 1994 the department also introduced Environmental Archaeology as separate paper in PG level under the UGC-COSIST programme at Srinagar campus. The aim of this programme was to introduce scientific archaeology at Post-Graduate level, and also to encourage the students of science stream to opt archaeology at PG level.
Over the years the Department has developed a strong foundation for multidisciplinary research in Archaeology and History. Therefore, the department has been conducting archaeological explorations and excavations of archaeological sites in Uttarakhand for the last three and half decades. The most notable excavation of Ranihat (1976), Thapli (1980) in Alaknanda valley , Moradhwaj(1991-94)) in the foothills of Himalaya , Purola ( 1995-1997) in Kamal-Yamuna valley and Sanana-Baseri in Ramganga valley ( 1997-1999) in Uttarakhand were conducted under the supervision of Late Prof.K.P.Nautiyal, the founder of the Department and Late Prof.B.M.Khanduri. The findings from the excavations of these very important archaeological sites not only pushed the antiquity of this region to 1st millennium BC but gave a new archaeological perspective of Uttarakhand which was poorly known. Presently the Department is expended its explorations in Trans-Himalayan region of Kinnaur valley in Himachal Pradesh to study the extension of high altitude burials culture of Uttarakhand. In historical studies it has been carrying out research on various socio-economic and political aspects of , Ancient, Medieval and Modern History of Uttarakhand.
The department has also established an archaeological Computing Laboratory with AutoCAD Software, Graphics software and 3D Laser Scanner. The Archaeological Chemistry Laboratory is also well equipped with Atomic Absorption Spectrometer and other associated equipments. These facilities have been developed to carry out research in the front line area of Palaeodiet, Anthropogenic Soil Chemistry and 3D modelling, visualization, multimedia documentation of vanishing traditions. Over the last fifteen years the Department has also been working on some of the new thrust areas of Environmental History, Dalit and Tribal History, Women and Society in Uttarakhand, History of Indigenous Health Care System, History of religion, Oral and Folk Traditions, Indigenous Ecological and Technological Knowledge, Ancient Art, Temple Architecture, High Mountain Archaeology and Ethnoarchaeology
The department also played an important role in the formation of Uttarakhand History and Culture Association in 2007 and also organised its first conference in the same year. The department also organised national Conference on Ramayana in 2003 and an Indo-US Workshop on Digital Archaeology in 2006.
The faculty members have published many research papers in national and International journals and have been actively participating in national and International workshop /conferences.